How to set up a Local Area Network

Network are normally categorised by environment, scale, and coverage.

A Local Area Network (LAN for short) is a bit like the internet only a lot smaller in scale and coverage.

LAN is used to connect computing resources, typically inside one building. The computing resources can be computers, printers, servers, IP phones, or routers.

There are many reasons why one should normally need to set up a LAN:

You may set up a LAN so you can share files, send pictures and music to other computers.

Apparently to connect to a printer easily, or to play games with some friends.

To set up a LAN, the right tools and software must be in place.

This article will show you how to set up a Local Area Network

It is noteworthy to know that the most common type of LAN is that of Ethernet.

Ethernet is a family of frame-based computer networking technologies for LANs.

Computers are connected to a switch with Ethernet cables.

Below is a simple guide to setting up a LAN in your home.

Know what is internet here

Create Network

To create network means to identify the local services that you want available on the network.

Identify network-attached printers, network disk drives, any server that will share printers or disks.

Detect the Device (s)

When you have created the network. Now you need to identify how many devices that would be detected and connected to the network.

Each device, server or workstation will require a unique address which can be easily set up on the networking interface.

Make the Connection

It is time to make the connection to the devices. Run cables (Ethernet cables) to workstations where possible.

A wired LAN will always get better performance and be more secure than a wireless LAN. Wherever possible, run a cable to servers, printers, IP phones or work locations.

Connecting with an ethernet cable is far simpler – just plug one end into your network switch or router and the other into your device.

Purchase Router or Switch

Select and purchase a switch or cable router. The simple secure way to connect to the Internet is to use a cable router.

Cable routers comes in various models and ports.

To connect the cables to more ports, you should consider buying a switch.

IP address is explained more comphensively here

Do purchase a cable router with wireless capabilities to give you more flexibility.

Get sharing

One of the beauties of a LAN is that you can share resources across it, such as devices, files, and media. With Windows PCs, this is easy to set up by creating a ‘Homegroup’.

Learn what is XML and how to open xml files here

Go to Control Panel, then Network and Internet, then Homegroup, and select ‘Create a homegroup’.

Windows will take you through the homegroup setup wizard and give you a password that other devices will need in order to connect to it. This is also where you can establish individual user accounts on your new LAN.

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