What is Local Area Network?

A Local Area Network (LAN) is a collection of devices connected together in one physical location, such as a building, office, or home.

A local area network is usually confined to a place and can serve as few as two or three users in a home-office or several hundred users in a corporation with a central office.

This article shall explain local area network

A local area network (LAN) consists of computers and peripherals that share a common communications line or wireless link to a server. LANs are typically located within a distinct geographic area in an office or other facility.

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A LAN comprises cables, access points, switches, routers, and other components that enable devices to connect to internal servers, web servers, and other LANs via wide area networks.

In many situations, a wireless LAN, may be preferable to a wired LAN connection because of its flexibility and cost.

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A LAN size and coverage range from between small or large, a home network with one user to an enterprise network with thousands of users and devices in an office or school.

Regardless of size, a LAN’s single defining characteristic is that it connects devices that are in a single, limited area. In contrast, a wide area network (WAN) or metropolitan area network (MAN) covers larger geographic areas. Some WANs and MANs connect many LANs together.

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The rise of virtualization or remote working has also fueled the development of virtual LANs, which allows network administrators to logically group network nodes and help with partition their networks without the need for major infrastructure changes.

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